Server-side scripting is essential for web application development. It ensures efficient communication between the browser and the database, facilitating the exchange of relevant information.These scripting languages operate on the server rather than the client, contributing to the seamless functioning of the overall system.
While numerous programming languages exist, this blog will focus on seven particularly popular ones: PHP, Node.js, Python, Ruby on Rails (Ruby), and Java.
A widely utilized server-side scripting language today, PHP was crafted by the Danish-Canadian programmer Rasmus Lerdorf in 1995. Over the years, PHP has progressively garnered recognition as a robust platform for constructing dynamic websites and applications.
The PHP interpreter is present on over 20 million websites, owing to PHP’s adaptability, which facilitates seamless integration with various databases such as SQL and MySQL, without being tied to any specific database system. Notably, PHP boasts numerous prominent users, including Facebook and Wikipedia.
Node.js is a highly popular server-side scripting language known for its outstanding performance and scalability. It’s one of the top 7 choices for software professionals to develop websites and services for different platforms, including browsers and mobile devices like smartwatches.
Python is considered the top choice for building websites and servers. This preference arises from its rapid and direct coding capabilities, readability, extensive library of freely available functions, and the presence of numerous Python-specific web frameworks that significantly accelerate development processes. Python is fast and simple to code, easy to read, offers a large collection of free functions, and benefits from numerous web frameworks that greatly generate development.
Ruby is not a versatile programming language, it’s server-side scripting in web applications. Ruby aims to bring joy back to programming for developers who may have grown with popular languages. It’s crafted to assist programmers in tackling common tasks like memory management and concurrency more efficiently, issues often encountered in other languages.
Java is a flexible programming language commonly used for server-side scripting and a variety of general-purpose applications. It’s concurrent, class-based, and object-oriented, with a design aimed at minimizing implementation dependencies. It’s great at handling big databases because it can manage a lot of data. Also, Java’s code often uses words that are easy to remember, like English keywords. It’s great at handling big databases because it can manage a lot of data. Also, Java’s code often uses words that are easy to remember, like English keywords.
Golang emphasizes simplicity and efficiency in its design. What sets it apart is its flexibility: you can initially deploy it as a lightweight web service and later repurpose the code for different applications as needed. Golang, developed by Google, is a new programming language designed for lightweight web services that run smoothly on mobile devices. Unlike many server-side scripting languages tailored for large-scale projects.
ASP.NET/C# offers flexibility by supporting integration with various languages. This means you’re not confined to using only C# for your program design. You have the option to seamlessly incorporate ASP.NET/C# with different languages and can decide to make changes later if needed.
These languages empower developers to craft dynamic websites and web applications, execute tasks like scheduling and data mining, automate processes such as compilation, and facilitate email communication. Using server-side scripts enhances your website’s functionality and interactivity. However, since they can be complex, it’s important to prioritize ease of use when selecting one.